Dating techniques archaeology wiki
Every living organism on the planet contains the element carbon.Carbon's most abundant and stable isotope has a mass of 12 (six protons and six neutrons). While radiocarbon dating is very useful in cases where organic matter is being analyzed, in many cases the samples that are being dated were never alive.For instance, ancient tools are often pieces of stone that have been fashioned into different shapes; determining the age of specific tools has strong implications in the field of archaeology.Contemporary archaeology “focuses on the most recent (20th and 21st century) past, and also increasingly explores the application of archaeological thinking to the contemporary world” (“Contemporary Archaeology.”).As the real-world applications of this new discipline have become apparent, more and more attention has been paid to this emerging field, such as when Jason De Leon, a professor who researches, among other things, contemporary archaeology at the University of Michigan, won the National Geographic Emerging Explorer in 2013 for his work in this field.However, when the life form dies and is buried or otherwise stops interacting with atmospheric gases there will be no further increase in the amount of radioactive carbon in the system.
It seems only logical to use the tools of archaeological inquiry to study our culture to better understand that issues that we face today.
This is an interesting example of how contemporary archaeology can reveal patterns in modern society and shed light on their effects .
We live in a material culture, one which produces a vast amount of waste and puts a large amount of emphasis on the importance of ownership.
Some of the more unique artifacts discovered during the excavation, “a seventeenth century potsherd, slag, a Victorian threepenny bit, and the types of pencils typically used by archaeologists”, were evidence of the van’s past service as transport for field archaeology projects by the university (Schofield).
They also used forensic methods, such as dusting for fingerprints on the body of the van, to conduct their research (Schofield).