Interparental conflict adolescent dating relationships
There are interventions to address inter-parental conflict for families in or at risk of poverty which are effective, but the UK evidence needs to develop further The UK evidence of effective programmes to address inter-parental conflict to improve child outcomes is at a relatively early stage.Interventions that have robust evidence are mainly those tested overseas.Poverty and economic stress affect the quality of inter-parental relationships, and this in turn impacts on child outcomes Longitudinal evidence shows that parents in poverty or under economic pressure are more likely to experience relationship conflict, which can affect outcomes for children.Economic pressure impacts on parents’ mental health, which can cause relationship problems and difficulties with parenting.In this latest report, EIF looked at 13 interventions, which fall into two broad categories: Of the 13 interventions, eight fall into the couple-focused category and five into the parent-focused category.Through an initial assessment, eight of the 13 programmes were found to have had positive impacts on child outcomes, and showed positive impacts for children in poverty or economic pressure.Gender and exposure to interparental violence was included as moderators in the LTA.
Latent Transition Analysis (LTA) with measurement invariance was used to examine transition probability of an individual’s latent status at Wave3 or Wave4 given his or her latent status at Wave2 or Wave3.
Adolescents ’ appraisals of parental conflict and their emotional distress mediated the relationships between nonviolent parental conflict and dating violence.
In contrast, interparental violence directly predicted involvement in dating violence.
Specifically, it was hypothesized that self-blame and threat appraisals would mediate the relation between IPC and adolescent maladaptive dating behaviors.
To examine the potential mediating role of appraisal, 169 high school students completed the Children's Perception of Interparental Conflict (Grych, Seid, & Fincham, 1992) and Child and Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (Wolfe, Scott, Reitzel-Jaffe, Wekerle, Grasley, & Straatman, 2004).